As accelerating urbanisation takes India’s urban population to 600 million plus by 2030, demand for electricity will rise. The residential sector consumes nearly 23% of total electricity use in the country. Hence, for effective use of energy in buildings, the Government of India has put in place policies for commercial buildings, such as Energy Conservation Building Code (ECBC), Star Labelling for Buildings, etc.
ECBC which is currently under voluntary phase, is planned to be made mandatory after capacity building and implementation experience. ECBC provides minimum performance standards for Building Envelope (Walls, Roofs, Windows), Lighting (Indoor and Outdoor), Heating Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) System, Solar Hot Water Heating and Electrical Systems.
Different states of India are in varying stages of implementing these building energy efficiency policies, but the overall progress has been slow. Since, NITI Aayog, a premier policy 'Think Tank' of the Government of India is required to evolve a shared vision of national development priorities sectors and strategies with the active involvement of States, it plans to create awareness and provide capacity development at the state level. Hence, NITI Aayog plans to conduct five regional workshops across India in partnership with Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy (AEEE) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).The first workshop is planned to be held in Chandigarh.
The proposed initiative is intended to create awareness and sensitisation among policy makers and government departments on how to integrate energy efficiency design and construction practices in buildings. This will thus create synergies with existing government programs and initiatives such as Housing for All, AMRUT, and Smart City Mission, etc.